The Baboon (Papio Cynocephalus) is a baboon of the family of Old World monkey.
Cynocephalus literally means “dog’s head” in Greek, because the shape of the snout and head. It has a slender body with long arms and legs and a yellowish-brown hair. It resembles the Chacma Baboon but is smaller and the nose is not as elongated. The hairless face is black, framed with white sideburns. Males can grow to about 84 cm, females about 60 cm. They have a long tail which grows to be almost as long as the body. The average life expectancy is approximately 20 to 30 years.
The Baboon lives in forests and savannas in eastern Africa from Kenya and Tanzania to Zimbabwe and Botswana. It is diurnal, terrestrial and live in social groups, with about 8 to 200 individuals per troop. It is omnivorous, with a preference for fruit, but also eats other plant parts, as well as insects. Baboons are highly opportunistic feeders and eat almost any food they can find.
Baboons use at least 10 different vocalizations to communicate. When traveling in groups, the male will lead, with women and the young in the middle to keep them safe, and the less dominant males walk behind. In a group of baboons, hierarchy is such a serious matter that some sub-species have developed interesting behaviors intended to avoid confrontation and retaliation.